On this day in history the Germans invaded Vichy france in 1942 and the Communist Bulgarian Regime fell the day after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. It is also believed to be the birthday of the composer François Couperin in 1668, Screaming Lord Sutch the founder of the Monster Raving Looney Party was born in 1940, Sir Tim Rice who wrote the lyrics for the Lion King was born in 1944. More recently in 1997 Louise Woodward was freed from her American jail sentence after her conviction for the murder of a baby was reduced to manslaughter.
The Nobel Prize winning Ernst Otto Fischer was also born on the 10th November, 1918. He was awarded the nobel Prize for chemistry in 1973 for his work on organometallic compounds, he shared the prize with Geoffrey Wilkinson. They were awarded the prize for their work on so-called sandwich compounds, where a metal is effectively surrounded by (or sandwiched between) an organic group, like ferrocine. This research led the way to opening up the discussions about organometallic compounds and their unusual stability and their uses as catalysts especially useful within hydrogen reactions.